The Vital Numbers: St. Augustine, FL

The work force participation rate in St. Augustine is 50.2%, with an unemployment rate of 4.1%. For many located in the labor force, the average commute time is 18.9 minutes. 16% of St. Augustine’s residents have a masters degree, and 24.4% have a bachelors degree. Among the people without a college degree, 27.4% have some college, 25.3% have a high school diploma, and just 6.9% possess an education significantly less than senior school. 14.4% are not covered by medical insurance.
The typical household size in St. Augustine, FL is 2.86 family members members, with 64.4% being the owner of their very own residences. The average home valuation is $269030. For people leasing, they pay out on average $1052 monthly. 42.1% of households have dual sources of income, and a median domestic income of $54468. Average income is $28094. 20.6% of residents live at or beneath the poverty line, and 13.6% are handicapped. 8.9% of residents of the town are ex-members associated with military.
St. Augustine, FL is located in St. Johns county, and includes a population of 82180, and rests within the higher Jacksonville-St. Marys-Palatka, FL-GA metropolitan region. The median age is 45, with 6.7% of the residents under 10 several years of age, 10.8% between 10-nineteen years old, 19.8% of inhabitants in their 20’s, 9% in their 30's, 7.7% in their 40’s, 15.9% in their 50’s, 15.2% in their 60’s, 8.4% in their 70’s, and 6.1% age 80 or older. 44.3% of citizens are men, 55.7% women. 34.2% of citizens are reported as married married, with 14.4% divorced and 43.7% never married. The % of residents identified as widowed is 7.6%.

Lets Travel From St. Augustine To New Mexico's Chaco Culture National Park

Lets visit NW New Mexico's Chaco Culture National Park from St. Augustine, FL. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   Rainwater was captured in wells and dammed areas in Chaco Wash's arroyo, an intermittently flowing stream that cuts the canyon. The timber sources that were used to construct roofs and levels that are higher-story once plentiful in the canyon. However, they disappeared around the time the Chacoan fluorescence occurred due to deforestation or drought. Chacoans traveled 80 km on foot from the north and south to reach forests that are coniferous the west and cut down trees. They then dried them and returned to the canyon to transport them. It had been a difficult task, considering that every tree required a team of workers to transport and much more than 200 000 trees were used in creating the three-century old great houses and kivas that is great. The Designed Landscape of Chaco Canyon. Chaco Canyon was a small part of the vast land that is linked provided rise to Chacoan civilisation. There had been over 200 settlements outside the canyon with magnificent homes and kivas, built utilizing the brick that is same and style as the ones inside. Although most of these settlements were located in the San Juan Basin they also covered an certain area of Colorado Plateau that has been bigger than England. The Chacoans created a network of roads to connect these communities to each other by leveling and digging the bottom, and brick that is sometimes adding or clay to support them. Many of these roads start at the canyon that is large and extend outwards in amazing straight sections. Chacoans moved to areas to the west, north and south that were less remote, reflecting Chacoan influences during the time. The persistence of droughts into the 13th Century CE hindered the creation of an system that is integrated to Chaco's. This led to the dispersion of Chacoan communities across the Southwest. Current Puebloan populations residing in Arizona and New Mexico consider Chaco to be part of their ancestral homeland. This is confirmed through oral histories that have been passed down generation after generation. In the second half the 19th century CE significant vandalism took place in Chaco Canyon. People tore down large house walls and gained access to their rooms. In 1896 CE surveys that are archaeological excavations revealed the extent of the destruction. This led to establishment of Chaco Canyon National Monument (in 1907 CE), which place an end to looting that is illegal allowed systematic archaeological research to take place. The monument was extended in 1980 CE and renamed Chaco Culture National Historical Park. It was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List for 1987 CE. Puebloan descendants can honor their ancestral spirits by returning towards the land to preserve their particular connections to it. Chetro Ketl is Chaco's second-largest big mansion with 500 rooms on site, 16 kivas. It's designed like Pueblo Bonito, with hundreds of interconnecting rooms and multi-story structures, enormous kiva in a vast square that is central. It took roughly 50 million stones to be carved, installed and shaped to make Chetro Ketl. What's remarkable about Ketl is the center square. Without wheeled carts or tamed animals, the Chacoans carried vast quantities of rock and earth to elevate the centerplace 12 ft above the natural terrain. While regarding the route near the cliff (Stop 12), glance up to discover a staircase that is rock-carved handholds. It's part of a straight path from Chetro Ketl to another spectacular cliff home, Pueblo Alto. Tip: Follow the route from Chetro Ketl to Pueblo Bonito to see or watch cliff that is additional. Pueblo Bonito is the biggest and one of the oldest residences that are big it was "the hub of the Chaco world." The complex is constructed in a form that is d-shaped with 36 kivas, 600-800 linked rooms, some of which are five-story high. Pueblo Bonito functioned as a hub for death rites, commerce, storage, astronomy, burial. Artifacts such as a necklace with two thousand turquoise squares, a turkey feather blanket, conch shell trumpets, quiver and arrows, ceremonial staff, black and white cylinder jars, painted flutes, turquoise mosaics. High-status folks buried these valuables. Tip: Get a pamphlet at the Visitor Center describing each numbered end in this complex that is enormous.