Vital Numbers: Edina, Minnesota

Edina, Minnesota-Pueblos

Lets visit Chaco National Historical Park from Edina. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.  Rainwater was captured in wells and dammed areas formed in the arroyo (an creek that is intermittently running that shaped the canyon, Chaco Wash, as well as ponds to which runoff was diverted by a series of ditches. Timber sources, which were necessary for the construction of roofs and upper story levels, were formerly contained in the canyon but vanished around the time of the Chacoan fluorescence owing to drought or deforestation. As an end result, Chacoans went 80 kilometers on foot to coniferous woods to the south and west, cutting down trees, peeling them, and drying them for an extended period of time to minimize weight before returning and lugging them back to the canyon. This was no easy undertaking, considering the fact that hauling each tree would have required a multi-day travel by a team of people, and that more than 200,000 trees had been utilized for the three hundreds of years of construction and renovation of the canyon's roughly dozen major great house and great kiva sites. Chaco Canyon's Pre-Planned Landscape Although Chaco Canyon had a high density of architecture on a scale never seen previously in the area, it had been merely a component that is small the heart of a wide interconnected area that created the Chacoan civilisation. Outside the canyon, there were more than 200 settlements with large mansions and kivas that is great used the same characteristic brick style and design as those found in the canyon, but on a smaller scale. While these sites were most abundant in the San Juan Basin, they covered an area of the Colorado Plateau larger than England. Chacoans built an extensive system of roadways to connect these settlements to the canyon and to one another by excavating and leveling the ground that is underlying, in many cases, adding clay or masonry curbs for support. These roads frequently started at big buildings within and beyond the canyon, extending outward in remarkably straight parts.   The Chacoans preserved the straightness of the roadways despite the simple fact that they were traversed by the steep terrains typical to the American Southwest, i.e. mesas or buttes. Instead, Chacoans built ramps and escalators on the cliffs. The discomfort of many roads, which did not provide destinations that are visible and therefore were often more extensive than needed to move by foot (9 meters), meant the routes could be utilized for symbolic reasons or to lead pilgrims to other events or rituals. Many houses that are large placed within the sightlines of nearby shrines and mesa ceilings. This allowed for easier communication and signage to other homes and distant areas. Fajada Butte, a Chaco that is prominent Canyon is a highlight. It was common to structures that are align roads with the cardinal directions and positions of Sun, Moon and Moon during crucial times such as solstices and equinoxes. This added structure and interconnectedness created by the Chacoan universe. For example, the wall that is front Pueblo Bonito's big residence is oriented north-south and east-west, with the area being just west of Chetro Ktl. Casa Rinconada is a 19-meter kiva that is long in the canyon. It has two inner T doors that face each other on the side that is north two doors that open on the west. These doors are aligned with rising sun.

The typical household size in Edina, MN is 3 family members members, with 70.8% owning their very own houses. The mean home valuation is $470659. For those people leasing, they pay on average $1404 per month. 58.8% of homes have 2 incomes, and a median domestic income of $104244. Average income is $52157. 4.9% of inhabitants live at or below the poverty line, and 9.1% are considered disabled. 5.9% of residents are veterans associated with armed forces of the United States.
Edina, MN is situated in Hennepin county, and has a population of 52857, and is part of the higher Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI metropolitan area. The median age is 44.2, with 12.1% for the population under 10 several years of age, 13.2% between 10-19 years old, 8% of town residents in their 20’s, 11.2% in their thirties, 13.7% in their 40’s, 13.9% in their 50’s, 12.9% in their 60’s, 8.1% in their 70’s, and 6.9% age 80 or older. 47.9% of town residents are male, 52.1% women. 60.1% of inhabitants are recorded as married married, with 9.1% divorced and 24% never married. The percent of women and men recognized as widowed is 6.7%.