Parma, OH: A Pleasant Community

The labor pool participation rate in Parma is 65.8%, with an unemployment rate of 5.6%. For those of you in the work force, the average commute time is 24.7 minutes. 6.5% of Parma’s population have a grad degree, and 15.2% have a bachelors degree. For all those without a college degree, 32.5% attended some college, 37.1% have a high school diploma, and only 8.7% have an education less than senior high school. 5.7% are not included in medical insurance.
The average family unit size in Parma, OH is 2.94 family members, with 71.7% being the owner of their own residences. The average home appraisal is $115538. For those people leasing, they pay an average of $865 per month. 55.2% of homes have dual incomes, and a median household income of $57120. Average individual income is $30974. 9.1% of inhabitants are living at or beneath the poverty line, and 14.4% are considered disabled. 7% of inhabitants are veterans associated with the US military.

Parma-Indian Ruins

Lets visit Northwest New Mexico's Chaco Culture National Park from Parma, OH. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   Rainwater was captured in wells, dammed in areas created in Chaco clean's arroyo, an intermittently flowing creek that formed the canyon and Chaco Wash. The arroyo also had ponds, to which the runoff was diverted through a network of ditches. The timber sources that were essential for building roofs and levels that are higher-story once plentiful in the canyon. However, they disappeared around the Chacoan fluorescence because of drought or deforestation. Chacoans traveled 80 km on foot from the north and south to reach coniferous forests to the west and cut the trees down. They then dried all of them and returned to the canyon to lug them home. It was a difficult task considering that all tree had to be held by several individuals and took a time that is long. Chaco Canyon's Preplanned Landscape. Although Chaco Canyon was home to a large amount of construction at a level never before seen in this region, it was only one component of the larger linked area that led to the Chacoan civilisation. There were over 200 settlements outside the canyon with great mansions, grand kivas, and the same stone design and magnificence while the ones inside. These sites, although most common in the San Juan Basin were spread over an area greater than England's Colorado Plateau. Chacoans created a network of roads to link these settlements with one another. They levelled and dug the bottom, and sometimes added clay curbs or masonry supports. Many of these roads began in large buildings within and outside the canyon. They then extended outwards in beautiful sections that are straight. Despite the fact that steep forms that are common in South West America, i.e. mesas or buttes, crossed their streets, Chacoans kept the lines of the streets instead of building ramps or stairs on the faces. This strategy has a drawback that is significant. The roads tend to be not yet determined and may be difficult to travel by foot (9 meters) so they may serve some symbolic or spiritual purpose, such as leading pilgrims to rituals and other gatherings. To facilitate faster communication between neighboring houses and places that are distant large buildings were placed in direct line of sight. Shrines at the tops of the mesas allowed for quicker signalling. Fajada Butte is a prominent presence in Chaco Canyon. To give structure and connection to the Chacoan ecosystem, it is common to align buildings with key seasons like solstices and equinoxes. The wall at the Plaza of the Pueblo Bonito's magnificent Plaza is, for example, oriented to the north and east. It is also located to the west of Chetro Ketl. Casa Rinconada is a large, 19m-diameter kiva located in the Canyon. It has two T-shaped doors that run along the north-south line and two external doorways. The external doors are oriented to the east and west so the rising sun can only pass through them on the day they are equinox.